Other insects that bite or sting
Mosquitoes are not the only biting insects. Black flies and biting midges also attack us and although the injury they cause does not last as long as a mosquito bite, it is no less painful. It is difficult to keep these two species away without using an insect repellent because they are small enough to pass through the tiny holes of nets.
For their part, and despite their loud sound, bumblebees are harmless. Only females have darts and they use it so little that it is possible to take one gently in your hands, according to the Office for insects and their environment. Wasps and bees sting too, but only when they feel threatened. Due to the intense pain they cause and the risk of allergy, it is best to avoid them at all costs.
Horseflies, also called deer flies, feed on our blood to lay their eggs. Their bite is painful and these flies often carry diseases. Similarly to mosquitoes, deer flies avoid light coloured clothing where they would be easily seen. If you don’t own a screen, don’t dress your kids in dark clothing. It is also said that pure vinegar sprayed on our clothes keeps them away.
Blacklegged ticks and Lyme disease
The blacklegged ticks are currently observed by the Public Health Agency of Canada because of the risk of transmission of Lyme disease as the number of cases has increased in recent years. Lyme disease can cause severe symptoms in humans, but fortunately, it can be effectively treated.
To reduce the risk, it is necessary to mow the lawn regularly, remove dead leaves and prevent pets from wandering in the forest. For now, Lyme disease was observed in Southern Quebec, Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Manitoba, Ontario and British Columbia.
In Québec, available data confirms the presence of Ixodes scapularis tick populations infected by Borrelia burgdorferi, particularly in the following areas:
- The north and west of Estrie
- A large part of Montérégie
- The south-west of Mauricie and Centre-du-Québec
- The south-west of Outaouais