What is gluten?
Gluten is a protein that can be found primarily in wheat, rye, triticale, barley and oats. The gluten found in flour is the ingredient that gives a smooth texture to breads and pastries and which helps binds them. It’s for this characteristic that gluten is a product you’ll see often in the making of many processed and packaged foods.
Gluten Intolerance is a hereditary problem that is triggered when the person eats cereal grains that contain gluten. The immune system reacts negatively to the presence of gluten in the diet and reduces the intake of certain nutrients by damaging the inner wall of the small intestine.
It’s possible to develop symptoms at any age, as soon as you start introducing foods that contain gluten in the diet. You should know that symptoms can vary greatly from one person to another and that some people will experience only one symptom while others will be affected by a variety.
Some common symptoms include:
- Recurring diarrhea or constipation
- Loss of weight or being overweight
- Abdominal pain, bloating, flatulence
- Stunted growth (in children)
- Muscle cramps
- Unexplained neurological disorders
You might also develop the cutaneous form of the disease which is called « dermatitis herpetiformis ». If this is the case, you will notice a rash that involves the formation of blisters that appear on both sides of the body and you may feel severe itching. Affected parts of the body are most often the elbows, knees, buttocks and upper back and neck.
To date, the only way to effectively treat gluten intolerance remains the adoption of a strict gluten-free diet for the rest of your life. A gluten-free diet mainly excludes cereals, gluten sources, foods and beverages prepared or cooked from these grains and processed foods that contain gluten.
For a complete list of foods allowed and to avoid (in French), you can visit the website of the Quebec Foundation for Celiac Disease.
To simplify your gluten-free diet
- Zero 8 Restaurant: This restaurant offers a menu free of all allergens and gluten-free made of fresh and delicious ingredients.
- Boston Pizza: Boston Pizza offers a « gluten responsible » pizza that limits risks of cross-contamination, on top of offering a gluten free pasta dish. They'll be able to tell you all the options available at the restaurant of your choice.
- Metro grocery stores: Did you know that Metro now offers 20 Irresistible gluten-free products? They are the only supermarket chain in Canada to offer a private label that has gluten-free foods.
- Boutique Point G: Their macaroons are decadent and available in 22 delectable and original flavours in addition to being gluten-free!
- The Glutenberg: Finally, a gluten-free beer to help you relax this weekend!
- Les Glutineries: An online grocery store that delivers straight to your house from a selection of over 3 800 gluten-free products.
- Recipe blog: The Gluten-free goddess
- Quebec Foundation for Celiac Disease
- Canadian Celiac Association