Provincial (The Régie des rentes of Quebec)
What is it?
The Child Assistance Payment is a form of financial assistance paid to all eligible families with one or more dependent children under the age of 18 living with them.
All families with children under the age of 18, more specifically, families with a low annual income.
When a child is born, parents do not have to apply to the Régie des rentes du Québec to receive child assistance payments. When the birth of a child is declared to the Registrar of Civil Status, that child is automatically signed up.
You must fill out a request to the Régie des rentes du Québec if:
- You adopt a child;
- You become a resident of Québec (arrival in or return to Québec);
- You obtain custody of child;
- You obtain shared custody of a child;
- You retain custody of a child following the breakdown of your union and you were not previously receiving child assistance payments;
It is possible to fill out an online request.
The amount of the Child Assistance Payment varies from one family to another. It is calculated every year depending on:
- the family income (this refers to the combined total of both spouses' incomes) ;
- the number of dependent children under the age of 18 living with the beneficiary;
- the type of family (single-parent or two-parent);
- the number of children in shared custody.
In 2010, the minimum amount given to families with a child was $611 per year and the maximum amount for families with a child was $2176 per year. Single parent families are entitled to an extra $762 per year.
A chart is available on the RRQ website.
Since January 2007, in cases of shared custody, child assistance payments are made to both parents at the same time and according to the payment frequency (quarterly or monthly) chosen by each parent. All shared custodies must be declared at The Régie. Make sure that the information in your annual statement state “shared custody” for the kids in that situation.
In applying the Taxation Act, the Régie cannot take into consideration any financial agreement between two parents regarding child assistance payments (e.g. an agreement that has been confirmed or not by a court judgment, a mediation report, etc.).
- The amount received for a child in shared custody is half what you would have gotten if that child had not been in shared custody.
- The Régie considers that a child is in shared custody when the child lives alternately with each parent between 40% and 60% of the time each month.
- If the child's custody is shared between one parent and another person, the parent's percentage of custody time must be a minimum of 40%. In this case, the Régie may have to verify how responsibility for the child's care is shared.
- If the child is eligible for the handicap supplement, the amount is also shared between both parties.
It is possible to use the simulation tool Calcul@ide available on the Régie des rentes’ website to estimate the amount of money that may be given.